The growth of a dark dot on your gums can be unsettling, and although often harmless, it is important to understand the possibilities of what it might be. Sometimes, the black spot on your gums may also mean oral cancer. This disease is potentially fatal; therefore, it is essential to be aware of the signs and symptoms. Let’s get into more detail about it.

What is Oral Cancer?

Oral cancer, also commonly referred to as mouth cancer, is a type that forms in the oral cavity. This includes all parts present inside out, such as lips, gums, tongue, cheeks, roof, or floor of the mouth.
This condition usually starts in the flat, thin squamous cells that line the mouth and lips and then progresses to issues like

black spot development in gums. Risk factors for oral cancer include:

  • Excessive use of tobacco
  • Heavy alcohol consumption
  • HPV infection
  • A diet that does not have enough fruits and vegetables
  • Chronic mouth irritation,
  • Those with a weakened immune system

Detection in the early initial stage is pivotal for a successful treatment. Preventive measures like avoiding tobacco and excessive alcohol, protecting lips from sun exposure by using sunscreen, and regular dental checkups help a great deal.

Black Spot on Gums and Oral Cancer

The presence of a black spot on the gums is concerning as it may indicate oral cancer. While black spots on the gums are usually harmless and caused by factors such as bruises, eruption hematomas, or amalgam tattoos, they may also signal more serious issues.

Oral cancer may manifest as a black spot on the gums and would come along with symptoms like:

  • Mouth sores that do not heal
  • Loose teeth
  • Gum bleeding
  • Swallowing difficulties
  • Sore throat

In any case, if you can identify a black spot on your gums that is painful or changes size, shape, or color, contact your dentist immediately for a checkup. Early detection and proper diagnosis allow for the right treatment of oral cancer, which increases the chances of success.

Other Signs That Indicate The Presence of Oral Cancer

Some common signs and symptoms of oral cancer include:

  • Single or multiple sores on the lip or in the mouth that do not heal.
  • A lump or thick patch in the mouth, lip, or throat.
  • White or red patches in the mouth.
  • Persistent sore throat or a feeling that something is caught in the throat.
  • Trouble chewing.
  • Issues with swallowing.
  • Numbness of the tongue, lip, or other areas of the mouth.
  • Swelling or pain in the jaw.
  • Dentures that start to fit poorly or become uncomfortable.
  • Loosening of the teeth or pain around the teeth.
  • Voice changes.
  • A lump or mass in the neck or back of the throat.
  • Sudden unexplainable weight loss.
  • Pain in the ear.

Closing Note

A black spot on your gums does not necessarily mean oral cancer; however, it may be one of the signs. That is why we urge you not to take it lightly and talk to your dentist to learn about it. We hope that this blog was of help. If you have more questions regarding oral cancer and its screening, get in touch with our dental care expert, Dr. Tuan Vo, a member of the Academy of General Dentistry at AT Dental Care, (408) 579-9931 for more information. We are located in San Jose, CA, United States.

Skip to content