Have you spotted tender bumps on your gums? This may be a sign of gingivitis, during which gum inflammation is a given. While not always serious, gingivitis leads to discomfort and more significant problems if left untreated. However, the raised bumps on the gums might be due to other reasons as well. Let’s tackle each one down.

Does Gingivitis Cause Bump on Gums?

No, gingivitis itself does not directly cause bumps on the gums.

Gingivitis is a mild form of gum disease that presents itself with red, swollen gums that bleed easily during brushing or flossing.

However, when left untreated, it can progress to a more severe form like periodontitis that paves the way for multiple grave issues like gum recession, tooth loss, and potentially the development of bumps on the gums.

While gingivitis may not directly cause bumps on your gums, leaving this issue untreated could contribute to the development of oral health issues.

Top 7 Reasons Why Bumps Grow On Gums

Some of the common causes include:

  1. Cyst
    A cyst is a small or big circular soft tissue protrusion that is filled with either liquid or air. While they can form and look like bumps on the gum, their presence is commonly found around the roots of dead teeth.
  2. Gum Abscess
    Abscess can take many forms. Usually, it is a consequence of bacterial accumulation beneath the surface. Often, there is intense pain; however, you may notice the following:

    • Pain that worsens when you lie down
    • Redness and swelling in the gums or face
    • One-sided pain that can spread to the ear, jaw, and neck
    • Throbbing pain that suddenly appears and can quickly become more acute
  3. Canker Sore
    It is a small-sized ulceration that forms around the base of the gums. A canker sore is different from a cold sore (with respect to origination). Although they are usually harmless, canker sores can be painful.
  4. Fibroma
    They are tumor-like, non-cancerous, soft bumps on the gums. Their formation is common on injured or irritated gum tissue. Often, they are seen among those who are irritated by dentures or oral devices.
  5. Pyogenic Granuloma
    This condition results in solid, swollen, red bumps on the gums that bleed easily. Although researchers are working on it, they still haven’t found a fixed reason why it happens.
  6. Mandibular Torus
    It is basically a hard, bony lump that grows on the gum of the upper or lower jaw bone. They are quite common; however, they still don’t have an established exact cause.
  7. Oral Cancer
    Be it your gums or any other part of the mouth, a cancer there is called oral cancer. It shows up as small bumps on gums, lumps, or thickening of the skin.
    Other indicators of oral cancer include:

    • Intense jaw pain
    • Teeth loosely hanging from the socket
    • Bleeding sore
    • On-going tongue pain
    • Sore throat that does not seem to be getting better
    • Difficulty chewing
    • Swallowing problems
    • Pain while eating food
    • A white or red patch on the gums

Closing Note

Your gums can develop bumps on them, but gingivitis may not necessarily be the reason behind it. Talk to your dentist to learn about the actual reason causing this trouble for appropriate treatment. We hope that this blog was of help. If you have more questions regarding dental fillings, get in touch with our dental care expert, Dr. Tuan Vo, a member of the Academy of General Dentistry at AT Dental Care, (408) 579-9931 for more information. We are located in San Jose, CA, United States.

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